Volume - II / CHAPTER - 2 / LESSON NO: 13
OF "WUDU" (ABLUTION)
Q 1: How many obligatory acts are there in Wudu?
A. There are four obligatory acts in Wudu i.e. (1) washing the face from the forelock down to the lower portion of the chin and from the lobe of one ear to the other. Water should flow on every part of the face (2) washing the hands upto, inclusive of, elbows leaving no spot dry (3)doing "Masah" i.e. passing wet fingers of both the hands over the head and (4) washing the feet upto, inclusive of, ankles.
Q 2: How many Sunnat acts are there in Wudu?
A. There are sixteen Sunnats in Wudu i.e. (1) to express intention (2) to recite Bismil Laa-hir-Rahmaa-nir-Raheem (3) to wash hands upto the wrists thrice (4) to apply "Miswaak"(tooth stick) to the teeth (5) to rinse the mouth three times (6) to sniff up water into nostrils thrice (7) to wash the mouth and sniff up water into nostrils with the right hand (8) to clean the nose with the left hand (9) to do "Khilaal" i.e. pass wet fingers through the beard (10) to pass wet fingers of the right hand through the left and the left's through the right hand and pass the small finger of the left hand between the toes at the point of the feet (11) to wash all parts of the body thrice (12) to do "Masah" of the head once (13) to wipe inner sides of the ears with the forefingers and upper sides with the thumbs (14) to keep up sequence of the Wudu method i.e. to wash first the face then the hands, to do "Masah" of the head, wash the feet and on (15) to do "Masah" of the beard (hair under the chin) i.e. to pass wet fingers upwards beginning from under the chin and (16) to wash all parts (limbs) in so succession that the first one do(es) not go dry on washing the next.
Q 3: How many "Mustahab" (desirable acts)are there in Wudu?
A. There are fifteen desirable acts in ablution i.e. (1) to perform Wudu at a elevated place facing the Qiblah (2) Water should fall on pure place during ablution (3) to rub the hands on every part of the body while letting the water flow thereon (4) to take water by oneself (5) not to take other's help in performing Wudu otherwise necessary (6) to do Wudu before time (7) to move ring, if tight then it is essential to move it (8) to do Wudu with quite peace ensuring that no spot remains dry (9) to use earthen pot for ablution (10) to wash the face with both hands (11) to keep reciting Bismil Laah, Kalimah Shareef, Durood Shareef & other supplications during the whole process of Wudu besides keeping "Niyat" (intention) of the Wudu in mind (12) to do "Masah" of nape of the neck(13) to recite Kalimah-e-Shahaadat after completion of Wudu pointing the forefinger towards the sky and also recite Surah "Inna Anzalnaa" (14) to drink a little water from the rest of Wudu water and (15) not to completely dry up the washed parts otherwise necessary. There are also other desirable acts of ablution besides the afore-mentioned ones which may be referred to in voluminous books.
Q4: How many "Makroohaat" (undesirable acts) are there in Wudu?
A. There are seventeen undesirable acts in Wudu i.e. (1) to sit at impure place for Wudu (2) to do Wudu in the precincts of mosque (3) to let the drops fall into the water-pot while making Wudu (4) to spit or blow the nose into the water whether it is pond or river (5) to spit or throw out the water from the mouth towards the Qiblah (6) to indulge in wordly talks unnecessarily (7) to use more water than needed (8) to use water in so less quantity that the Holy Prophet's Sunnah is not acted upon (9) to splash water on the face (10) to wash the face with one hand which is a Hindu style (11) to do "Masah" of the throat (12) to reserve a particular pot of water for oneself (13) to use the left hand for washing mouth and sniffing up water into nostrils (14) to clean the nose with the right hand (15) to do "Masah" of the head thrice with the fresh water (16) to use the sun-heated water and (17) to close the lips and eyes tightly. Wudu will not be in order if any spot of the necessary parts of the body remains dry.
Q 5: What are those things(acts) which render ablution void?
A. These things (acts) render Wudu void:(1)To pass stool or urine or emission of any thing from the private parts of man and woman. (2) To break wind (3) Emission (that also flows) of blood or pus from any part of the body (4) Mouthful vomit. However, emission of phlegm does not affect Wudu (5) to sleep lying prone or on back, side-ways, leaning against pillow or any thing or in sitting position provided that the buttock are not firmly placed on the ground. However, drowse does not affect Wudu (6) To faint or fall unconscious due to sickness or any other cause (7) to go mad or lose senses (8) to laugh aloud (laughter).
Q 6: Does seeing the private parts of one's own or of other render ablution void or not?
A. No, seeing the private parts of one's own or of other does not render ablution void. However, it is strictly forbidden to see the private parts of others even one's own unnecessarily.
Q 7: What injunction is there for the tears which come from infected eye(s)?
A. Tears which come from infected eye(s) are impure and nullify Wudu. Such tears should not be wiped with sleeves as this action renders the dress impure.